When people hear the word geology, they automatically think of one of those boring science experiments that a school kid must do in order to pass an exam. In reality, geology is much more than that! Geology is actually an Earth science very concerned with the physical rocks of which it consists, the processes through which they evolve over time, and how they affect the people who live around them.
The study of geology is the basis for a lot of scientific discoveries. One of these is the great eruption at Krakow, Poland in 1812 which scientists are still trying to explain. Another big discovery made by geologists was the Chicxulub formation which is the largest structure on Earth that has proven to be millions of years old. A pre-college student may not understand all this but it is up to the teacher to make sure that they do. Read about Michael Osland, famous Geologist.
Students can actually learn about the study of geology through a variety of ways. Most geologists start out studying in colleges by taking classes such as minerals and gemstones, which will help them learn about how the world looks like. Other students will learn about how the earth orbits the sun, how continents and ocean layers form, how animals and plants grow, how ice forms, how the food chain works, and what the processes through which continents move are all important lessons to learn as well. A student might be given a special assignment or course that is focused on studying the study of geology, so they will need to take the time to learn about it in order to do well in pre-college courses.
Many geologists work in museums or other educational settings where they explain the physical aspects of the Earth without giving any attention to its history or its geology. Students need to learn about the importance of both science and art when trying to understand the earth’s structure, composition, and processes. While some people work in museums looking at fossils, others are trained in earth sciences so that they can help preserve the Earth for future generations.
Some students will choose to major in earth science, while others will want to major in geology. The type of education a student has really depends on where they want to work after graduation. If a student wants to work with animals or with geology they would need some type of bachelor’s degree in science or biology. After that they can get jobs in museums, scientific publishing houses, or in government research institutions. If a student wants to teach geology in a college, it will take them two years to complete their master’s degree or three years to complete a doctorate program in geology.
There are many different career options for those who have earned their graduate degrees in geology. These types of advanced degrees allow geologists to find more and better ways to study the Earth. A typical day for a geologist might include analyzing sediment samples, examining rocks and fossils, researching paleontology, or building computer models of the Earth’s history in order to look for evidence of past climate change. Many geologists work in museums, helping to preserve collections and helping to train future generations of scientists and archeologists. Geologists can be found in many public institutions, universities, government agencies, and private research institutions around the world.